The University of Tennessee built a long, rectangular building for their net-zero entry into the 2011 Solar Decathlon. The ingenuity of design can sometimes be subtle and easily overlooked in its seamless presentation.
Inspired by the cantilever barn from Tennessee’s Appalachian history, the long rectangular building features mechanical cores at both ends, with compact and multifunctional furniture within 740 square feet. The home, called Living Light, combines both active and passive solar systems to create an efficient, comfortable living space.
This Solar Decathlon home is unique with its utilization of cylindrical photovoltaic (PV) panels that span and overlap the roof of the home.
The cylindrical shape of solar panel allows the home to harvest direct, indirect and reflecting solar rays in a more efficient manner than traditional flat panels.
They do not have to be angled, but can simply be placed on a horizontal surface.
The use of these efficient panels is helping the Tennessee team, currently in 4th place overall as I write this, as the first days of the 2011 Solar Decathlon have been overcast and cloudy with rain.
The cylindrical solar panels were manufactured by Solyndra, recently in the news for its bankruptcy filing. Regardless of the company’s flawed economics or lack of business acumen, the panels, however, seemed to function quite well.
The solar panels overlapping the home act as an awning and help to block the higher rotating summer sun’s heat rays from heating up the house, while they allow the lower winter sun into the home to warm it.
The beauty of having teams from different climates and locations has created a robust diversity within the different types of housing.
The long rectangular building has glass walls on both its long south and north facing sides of the home.
The windows are the fascinating part of this house and act to moderate the temperature of the house.
The windows are unique for a few different reasons.
There are black horizontal blinds between the panes of glass. They are motorized and can be programmed to allow certain amounts of heat and light into the home throughout the year. They also provide privacy – an important feature to have in a glass house.
An astute observer would recognize that this particular space would build up heat.
Windows, as a general rule, are looked upon as an aspect of a house that will loose energy. This house, however, can harvest the heat energy between the window panes.
The heat can be drawn out of the space and into a heat energy ventilator to supply the home with preheated air in the winter. In the summer, the warmer air will be drawn out of the system to keep the home cool.
This photo was taken with the inner window open, looking down into the space. The vents located at the bottom of the black shades work to ventilate the space.
Initially, my passive solar instincts balked at the notion of so many northern facing windows, however, the team from Tennessee lives in an area that does not get as cold as Colorado.
The home has utilized both translucent and transparent glass throughout the home. The outer window pane is made of a tempered R-1 glass while the inner pane of glass is an R-11 fixed suspended film glass.
The University of Tennessee received 3rd place in the category of Engineering.
The house was narrow and long, with the kitchen on one side of the home and an entertainment center / bedroom and bathroom on the other side.
A view from one end of the house can initially be misleading simply because the home’s multifunctional aspects blend seamlessly from one function to the next – that the transition can be missed.
The wooden panels to the side of the sink and microwave can hide the area so that only the sleek wooden panels can be seen. One might err to think that the kitchen was a forgotten aspect of this home.
It’s also a highly technological house that can easily be controlled. The iPad located next to the sink can help to control different aspects of the home, from the overall temperature to the angle of the blinds.
At the other end of the home there was a living room with a couch and home entertainment center complete with a flat screen TV – and a partial bed that is peaking out.
The student was demonstrating the transition from the entertainment center, to a bedroom.
The cabinet that is showcasing the TV is also concealing both a bed and closets.
The bed is not simply a Murphy bed that folds upward into the wall (because that would obstruct the TV) but rather one that retracts behind the panel that supports the television.
The clothing closet noiselessly can be pushed into the cabinet to conceal the fact that a whole bedroom is concealed within and behind the cabinet – that appears to be (is also) the entertainment center.
The bathroom is located behind the bedroom / entertainment center.
The Photo Gallery
See the photo gallery and video below to learn more about the Living Light Solar Decathlon project from the University of Tennessee.
Click on a picture below to enter a slideshow of the photo gallery. Use the arrows to navigate or click on the right hand side of the photo to progress to the next one.
This house achieved full points within the Energy Balance Category, achieving net-zero energy status. They were third in the Engineering Contest and finished 9th overall. Within the Affordability Category of the Solar Decathlon, Living Light was estimated to cost $470,000 and was the most expensive house in the contest.
See the original model Living Light of the house that they first submitted to gain entrance to the Solar Decathlon.
The University of Tennessee Living Light Website livinglightutk.com
The 2011 Solar Decathlon Main Website solardecathlon.gov