There are several building characteristics that are fairly common and work in conjunction with one another in passive solar design.
These are typical commonalities within passive solar designed buildings:
Passive solar design works with regular pre-existing patterns.
The photo shows a time lapse photo over the duration of one year. The highest arc is the sun’s path on the summer solstice, while the lowest arc is the sun’s path on the winter solstice.
Passive solar homes typically have windows on the south side of the building. They have an overhang to block the high summer sun, while allowing the low winter sun to enter and warm the house.
The diagram below illustrates the same principles: how the sun travels differently on the summer and winter solstices.
On June 21st at 9am, the sun is at a 49 degree angle from the ground and travels a high arc across the summer sky. On December 21st on the winter solstice, at 9am, the sun has risen to a 17 degree angle and travels a short, low arc across the winter sky before setting. In order to benefit from the energy given by the sun, the building must face as close as possible to true south.